The Kilimanjaro Mountains are made up several types of vegetation zones. There are about five distinct vegetation types on the Kilimanjaro.
Every vegetation type runs about 100 meters. In the range of about 800 to about 1800 meters there will be human settlement and human activity.
Each vegetation zone as unique features that distinguishes them from the rest of the zones.
The Kilimanjaro is such a tedious activity as you can compare it to crossing the equator since you keep moving from cold to hot every now and then just like crossing from the north to southern pole.
The Kilimanjaro stands at about 5,895 meters above sea level. Being the tallest mountain in the Africa gives it characteristic to create its own micro-climates which in turn influence different vegetation zones of these ranges.
Therefore, for every sub climate zone you change, the fauna and fauna will also change.
The Base of the mountain is at an average to about 800 meters above sea level and the summit is at 5,895 meters above sea level and this gap will definitely have segments that have climate and vegetation and animals that differ for the other segment.
There are warm temperatures at the base and the snow at the top of course will give you the freezing the temperature at the summit. Here is one of the Zones of the Kilimanjaro.
Bush-land/Cultivated Zone of Mount Kilimanjaro
Altitude: 2,600 to 6,000 ft. ASL
DAY TEMPS: 90°F – 110°F
NIGHT TEMPS: 60s – 80s F
Precipitation: 20 to 70 in (500 to 1,800 mm)
This is found at the base of the mountain and it’s at the lowest part of the vegetation zones of the Kilimanjaro. This zone is made up of human settlement and a lot other human activity like cultivation farms, villages and grasslands which are mostly of Savannah kind.
This area is very fertile and it explains the expansive farm land and human settlement. Volcanic soils are good for crops like Coffee and Banana plantations.
The soils make the natives here farms by default. The area as a lot of streams that flow of the Kilimanjaro Mountain.
Being below the Montane forest zone also gives this is adequate rain fall to support all the human activity. The area is full of human settlement and therefore animals are a rare spotting here.
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