The Kilimanjaro Mountains are made up several types of vegetation zones. There are about five distinct vegetation types on the Kilimanjaro. Every vegetation type runs about 100 meters.
In the range of about 800 to about 1800 meters there will be human settlement and human activity. Each vegetation zone as unique features that distinguishes them from the rest of the zones.
The Kilimanjaro is such a tedious activity as you can compare it to crossing the equator since you keep moving from cold to hot every now and then just like crossing from the north to southern pole.
The Kilimanjaro stands at about 5,895 meters above sea level. Being the tallest mountain in the Africa gives it characteristic to create its own micro-climates which in turn influence different vegetation zones of these ranges.
Therefore, for every sub climate zone you change, the fauna and fauna will also change.
The Base of the mountain is at an average o about 800 meters above sea level and the summit is at 5,895 meters above sea level and this gap will definitely have segments that have climate and vegetation and animals that differ for the other segment.
There are warm temperatures at the base and the snow at the top of course I’ll give you the freezing the temperature at the summit. Here is one of the Zones of the Kilimanjaro.
Altitude: 9,200 to 13,200 ft. ASL
DAY TEMPS: 50s – 70s F
NIGHT TEMPS: 30s – 50s F
Precipitation: 51 to 21 inches
This zone is in between the forested zone and the Alpine zone. The heath vegetation will characterize this zone and it’s always filled with a lot of wild flowers. This zone is good for acclimatization as the oxygen levels begin to drop from this zone.
This is where anyone will begin to show signs of the altitude sickness if any are to come up. It’s advised that you spend more time here to make sure that you fully acclimatize before you continue.
Here the vegetation is characterized by Giant Lobelias. These are the most common plants here. This area has a lot of bird of prey like the crowned eagle and the black and while crows.
Birding hikers will enjoy this zone just like the previous one. The rest of the other animals may not really come up to this zone has there is little to feed on and the heat is beginning to hit.
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